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This section of www.mckendry.net concentrates on the village of Portsmouth, now part of Kingston, and the subject of my book, Portsmouth Village, Kingston, an Illustrated History of 2010 (second edition, revised & enlarged), available through this website buy this book or at Novel Idea bookstore (Bagot at Princess St) in Kingston for $22.  Please also visit on this website Lake Ontario Park & Area which is immediately west of Portsmouth Village.

I hope you enjoy it.

above viewİ of Portsmouth Olympic Harbour with Kingston Penitentiary in the background from the public walkway bridge by Jennifer McKendry

Jump directly to the Gallery of images of the village.

 

Here is a summary of the village's history from the text on a plaque (belowİ) raised in 1999 by the Kingston Historical Society with the assistance of the Ontario Heritage Foundation and the Portsmouth Villagers:

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"PORTSMOUTH VILLAGE    Originally part of Kingston Township, this area was granted to United Empire Loyalists in 1784.  A village, first known as 'Hatter’s Bay,' grew in response to the establishment of the Provincial Penitentiary in 1833, and was formally incorporated in 1858. King Street West was extended across a bay south of here in 1845, and a stone town hall, designed by William Coverdale, was erected on the reclaimed land in 1865.   This common was named Aberdeen Park by 1900.  Villagers worked in tanneries, breweries, shipyards, sawmills, as well as the penitentiary and nearby asylum, but economic opportunities declined in the late 19th-century.  The village was annexed by the city of Kingston in 1952.  Many interesting early stone, brick, and frame buildings have survived in this area."

 

 

 

Portsmouth6.jpg (88203 bytes)Details from Owen's map (NMC 21943) of 1818 showing "Hatt's Bay" (now the Portsmouth Olympic Harbour Site) considerably west of the town of Kingston, which is located where three bodies of water meet: the Great Cataraqui River (top), the St Lawrence River (upper right) and Lake Ontario (centre and bottom). Compare with a map of the 1960s below

Abbott's Point is now Alwington Avenue and the Penitentiary, Cataraqui Point is Lake Ontario Park and Cataraqui Bay is Elevator Bay. Note the heights of land and slopes to the water's edge. Hatt's Bay is portrayed with its original deep cut into the shoreline, now heavily infilled. A few buildings are indicated around the bay.

 

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Map from the 1960s with an arrow pointing to Portsmouth Harbour (now Portsmouth Olympic Harbour, once Hatter's Bay or Hatt's Bay); compare with Owen's map of 1818 (above) -- Kingston has expanded west to engulf Portsmouth Village; subdivisions further to the west (to the left of Little Cataraqui Creek) are now part of Greater Kingston

 

 

 

Portsmouth13.jpg (164308 bytes)By the time Meacham's county atlas was published in 1878, Portsmouth Village was fully evolved from its beginnings in the early 1830s as a home for employees of and a service provider for the penitentiary to its golden era of ship building and repairs in the 1840s to the beginnings of a period of decline, which culminated in the early 20th century. However, the existence of two major institutions -- the penitentiary and the insane asylum -- provided steady employment as other economic sources such as ship-building waned and the tannery burnt. Ambitious subdivisions, as seen on both sides of Gardiner's Road north of Union Street never materialized. Front Street is now King Street West with the bay water reaching close to its south side; the water to its north side has been filled in for the "Town Hall Lot". Main Street is Yonge, King Street is Mowat and Forty foot Road is Portsmouth Avenue.

 

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1924 fire insurance plan: blue represents stone buildings, yellow frame, pink brick and grey sheds; the brewery is misplaced for purposes of the drawing

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Portsmouth14.jpg (108132 bytes)The village is flanked to the west by Rockwood Lunatic Asylum (renamed Penrose in recent times) of 1859-70. Upper photographİ from the walkway near the shore; the drawing (Brosius, 1875) shows the north facade and the huge centre dome (now missing).

 

 

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Portsmouth17.jpg (39963 bytes)To the east the village is flanked by the Kingston Penitentiary (originally the Provincial Penitentiary, begun early 1830s), seen aove in a view of 1875 (Brosius) from King St W. at Sir John A. Macdonald Blvd; the bell tower has not yet been added to the north gate; like the asylum, the penitentiary is a complex of buildings; photographed from the bridge on the public walkway; photoİ J. McKendry

 

 

GALLERY OF VILLAGE ARCHITECTURE

all photographsİ Jennifer McKendry

for building dates & histories , please see book on Portsmouth Village click here

 

 

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above 56 Alwington Avenue

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25 Richard Street

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25 Richard Street

 

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46 Kennedy Street

 

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37 Kennedy Street at Yonge

 

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9 Kennedy Street

 

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61 Alwington Avenue

 

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61 Alwington Avenue

 

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46 Alwington Avenue

 

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73 Baiden Street

 

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quarry at Garrigan Park

 

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quarry behind 662 King St W.

 

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42 Kennedy Street

 

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St John's Church

 

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St John's Church

 

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St John's Church

 

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King Street West looking west to Church Street

 

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quoining & corbel at 678 King Street Westff

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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685 King Street West

 

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Rockwood Villa

 

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Rockwood Villa

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Rockwood Villa

 

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Golf Club, King Street West

 

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162 Mowat Avenue

 

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176 Mowat Avenue, St John's Rectory

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176 Mowat Avenue, St John's Rectory

 

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176 Mowat Avenue, St John's Rectory

 

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176 Mowat Avenue, St John's Rectory

 

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176 Mowat Avenue, St John's Rectory

 

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673 King Street West at Church Street (window and shutters now removed)

 

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12-pane windows

84 Yonge on left  & 29 Baiden on right with original                                                    louvred shutters

 

 

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574 Union Street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Yonge Street south of King Street West

 

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Yonge at Logan Street

 

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The Water Tower, Sir John A. Macdonald Boulevard

 

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The Water Tower, Sir John A. Macdonald Boulevard

 

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Penitentiary farmhouse, Sir John A. Macdonald Blvd

 

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Moved houses, Corrections Canada, Union St at Sir John A. Macdonald Blvd

 

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Moved houses, Corrections Canada, Union St at Sir John A. Macdonald Blvd

 

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Moved houses, Corrections Canada, Union St at Sir John A. Macdonald Blvd

 

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Warden's House (museum), King St W. at Sir John A. Macdonald Blvd

 

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Warden's House (museum), King St W. at Sir John A. Macdonald Blvd

 

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Warden's House (museum), King St W. at Sir John A. Macdonald Blvd

 

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Warden's House (museum), King St W. at Sir John A. Macdonald Blvd

 

 

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140-142 Yonge Street

 

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114 Yonge Street at King Street West

 

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1 Baiden Street

 

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1 Baiden Street

 

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Church of the Good Thief manse

 

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Church of the Good Thief nave

 

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Church of the Good Thief

 

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South Cottage, hospital grounds

 

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Leahurst, hospital grounds

 

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Rockwood Lunatic Asylum, hospital grounds

 

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Rockwood Lunatic Asylum, hospital grounds

 

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Rockwood Lunatic Asylum, hospital grounds

 

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Rockwood Lunatic Asylum, hospital grounds

 

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Rockwood Lunatic Asylum, hospital grounds

 

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Rockwood Lunatic Asylum, hospital grounds

 

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Rockwood Lunatic Asylum, hospital grounds

 

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Industrial building, hospital grounds

 

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Industrial building, hospital grounds

 

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Rockwood Lunatic Asylum, hospital grounds at King Street West

 

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Union and Kennedy Streets with the Prison for Women in the background

 

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Newcourt House, King Street West, on grounds of St Lawrence College

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Newcourt House, King Street West, on grounds of St Lawrence College

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Newcourt House, King Street West, on grounds of St Lawrence College

 

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107 Logan Street

 

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107 Logan Street

 

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Portsmouth Town Hall, King Street West between Gardiners and Yonge Streets

 

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Portsmouth Town Hall, King Street West between Gardiners and Yonge Streets

 

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King Street West from the harbour

 

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716 King Street West, Portsmouth Methodist Church

 

Kingston Penitentiary North Lodge

 

Kingston Penitentiary dome & rotunda, main building

 

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